Acne Vulgaris (or simply acne) is a long term skin condition characterized by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and possibly scarring. The resulting appearance may lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and in extreme cases, depression or thought of suicide. Genetics is estimated to be the cause of 80% of cases. The role of diet as a cause is unclear. Neither cleanliness nor sunlight appears to be involved. However, cigarette smoking does increase the risk of developing acne and worsens its severity. Acne mostly affects skin with a greater number of oil glands including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. During puberty in both sexes acne is often brought on by an increase in androgens such as testosterone. Excessive growth of the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes, which is normally present on the skin, is often involved
Many treatment options are available to improve the appearance of acne including lifestyle changes, procedure, and medications. Eating fewer simple carbohydrates like sugar may help.
These therapies may be suggested in selected cases, either alone or in combination with medications
Light therapy targets the bacteria that cause acne inflammation. Possible side effects of light therapy include pain, temporary redness and sensitivity to sunlight
This procedure uses repeated applications of a chemical solution, such as salicylic acid. It is most effective when combined with other acne treatments, except oral retinoids, because together these treatments can significantly irritate the skin.
Nodular and cystic lesions can be treated by injecting a steroid drug directly into them. This improves their appearance without the need for extraction
Procedures used to diminish scars left by acne include the following
Injecting soft tissue fillers, such as collagen or fat, under the skin and into indented scars can fill out or stretch the skin. This makes the scars less noticeable
High-potency acid is applied to your skin to remove the top layer and minimize deeper scars
This procedure is usually reserved for more severe scarring. It involves sanding (planning) the surface layer of skin with a rotating brush. This helps blend acne scars into the surrounding skin
This is a skin resurfacing procedure that uses a laser to improve the appearance of your skin
Certain lasers; pulsed light sources and radiofrequency devices that don’t injure the epidermis can be used to treat scars. These treatments heat the dermis and cause new skin to form. After several treatments, acne scars may appear less noticeable
Using a minor procedure called punch excision, our doctor cuts out individual acne scars and repairs the hole at the scar site with stitches or a skin graft
Waiting for acne to clear on its own can be frustrating. Without treatment, acne can cause permanent scars, low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety
To avoid these possible outcomes, Cosmetica dermatologists recommend that people treat acne. When the skin clears, treatment should continue. Treatment prevents new breakouts. Cosmetica dermatologists can tell you when you no longer need to treat acne to prevent breakouts